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A New and Rapid HPLC Method to Determine the Degree of Deacetylation of Glutaraldehyde-Cross-Linked Chitosan


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Amamou, Ons, Denis, Jean-Philippe, Heinen, Élise, Boubaker, Taoufik et Cardinal, Sébastien ORCID logoORCID: (2023). A New and Rapid HPLC Method to Determine the Degree of Deacetylation of Glutaraldehyde-Cross-Linked Chitosan. Molecules, 28 (21). p. 7294.

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Chitosan is a linear biopolymer composed of D-glucosamine and N-acetylglucosamine units. The percentage of D-glucosamine in the polymeric chain can vary from one sample to another and is expressed as the degree of deacetylation (DDA). Since this parameter has an impact on many properties, its determination is often critical, and potentiometric titration is a common analytical technique to measure the DDA. Cross-linking with glutaraldehyde is one of the most explored modifications of chitosan; however, the determination of the DDA for the resulting reticulated chitosan resins can be challenging. In this paper, we report a new, rapid, and efficient method to determine the DDA of glutaraldehyde-cross-linked chitosan resins via HPLC. This method relies on the use of 2,4-dinitrophenylhydrazine (DNPH) as a derivatizing agent to measure the level of reticulation of the polymer (LR) after the reticulation step. In this study, we prepare three calibration curves (with an R2 value over 0.92) for three series of reticulated polymers covering a large range of reticulation levels to demonstrate that a correlation can be established between the LR established via HPLC and the DDA obtained via titration. The polymers are derived from three different chitosan starting materials. These standard calibration curves are now used on a routine basis in our lab, and the HPLC method has allowed us to change our DDA analysis time from 20 h to 5 min. -- Keywords : Glutaraldehyde cross-linked chitosan ; Degree of deacetylation (DDA) ; Potentiometric titration ; Derivatization with DNPH ; HPLC.

Type de document : Article
Validation par les pairs : Oui
Mots-clés : Glutaraldéhyde ; Chitosane ; Chromatographie en phase liquide à haute performance ; 2,4-Dinitrophénylhydrazine ; Tirage potentiométrique ; Degré de déacétylation.
Version du document déposé : Version officielle de l'éditeur
Départements et unités départementales : Département de biologie, chimie et géographie
Déposé par : DIUQAR UQAR
Date de dépôt : 25 avr. 2024 15:09
Dernière modification : 31 mai 2024 15:36

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