Collections de documents électroniques

Short-term exposure to high pCO2 leads to decreased branchial cytochrome C oxidase activity in the presence of octopamine in a decapod


Téléchargements par mois depuis la dernière année

Plus de statistiques...

Fehsenfeld, Sandra, Yoon, Gwangseok R., Quijada-Rodriguez, Alex R., Kandachi-Toujas, Haluka, Calosi, Piero ORCID logoORCID:, Breton, Sophie et Weihrauch, Dirk (2024). Short-term exposure to high pCO2 leads to decreased branchial cytochrome C oxidase activity in the presence of octopamine in a decapod. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology Part A: Molecular & Integrative Physiology, 291 (111603).

[thumbnail of Sandra_Fehsenfeld_et_al_fevrier2024.pdf]
Licence d'utilisation : CC BY-NC 4.0.

Télécharger (1MB) | Prévisualisation


In a recent mechanistic study, octopamine was shown to promote proton transport over the branchial epithelium in green crabs, Carcinus maenas. Here, we follow up on this finding by investigating the involvement of octopamine in an environmental and physiological context that challenges acid-base homeostasis, the response to short-term high pCO2 exposure (400 Pa) in a brackish water environment. We show that hyperregulating green crabs experienced a respiratory acidosis as early as 6 h of exposure to hypercapnia, with a rise in hemolymph pCO2 accompanied by a simultaneous drop of hemolymph pH. The slightly delayed increase in hemolymph HCO3− observed after 24 h helped to restore hemolymph pH to initial values by 48 h. Circulating levels of the biogenic amine octopamine were significantly higher in short-term high pCO2 exposed crabs compared to control crabs after 48 h. Whole animal metabolic rates, intracellular levels of octopamine and cAMP, as well as branchial mitochondrial enzyme activities for complex I + III and citrate synthase were unchanged in posterior gill #7 after 48 h of hypercapnia. However, application of octopamine in gill respirometry experiments suppressed branchial metabolic rate in posterior gills of short-term high pCO2 exposed animals. Furthermore, branchial enzyme activity of cytochrome C oxidase decreased in high pCO2 exposed crabs after 48 h. Our results indicate that hyperregulating green crabs are capable of quickly counteracting a hypercapnia-induced respiratory acidosis. The role of octopamine in the acclimation of green crabs to short-term hypercapnia seems to entail the alteration of branchial metabolic pathways, possibly targeting mitochondrial cytochrome C in the gill. Our findings help advancing our current limited understanding of endocrine components in hypercapnia acclimation. -- Keywords : Carcinus maenas ; Green crab ; Hypercapnia ; Gill ; cAMP ; Enzyme activity ; Mitochondria ; Biogenic amine ; Acid-base homeostasis.

Type de document : Article
Validation par les pairs : Oui
Mots-clés : Crabe enragé ; Crabe vert ; Carcinus maenas ; Décapodes (Crustacés) ; Hypercamnie ; Gaz carbonique ; Activité enzymatique.
Version du document déposé : Version officielle de l'éditeur
Départements et unités départementales : Département de biologie, chimie et géographie
Déposé par : DIUQAR UQAR
Date de dépôt : 03 avr. 2024 17:58
Dernière modification : 10 avr. 2024 18:08

Actions (administrateurs uniquement)

Éditer la notice Éditer la notice