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Northern shrimp from multiple origins show similar sensitivity to global change drivers, but different cellular energetic capacity


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Guscelli, Ella ORCID logoORCID:, Noisette, Fanny ORCID logoORCID:, Chabot, Denis, Blier, Pierre Ulrich ORCID logoORCID:, Hansen, Tanya, Cassista-Da Ros, Manon, Pepin, Pierre, Skanes, Katherine R. et Calosi, Piero ORCID logoORCID: (2023). Northern shrimp from multiple origins show similar sensitivity to global change drivers, but different cellular energetic capacity. Journal of Experimental Biology, 226 (16). jeb245400.

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Species with a wide distribution can experience significant regional variation in environmental conditions, to which they can acclimatize or adapt. Consequently, the geographic origin of an organism can influence its responses to environmental changes, and therefore its sensitivity to combined global change drivers. This study aimed at determining the physiological responses of the northern shrimp, Pandalus borealis, at different levels of biological organization and from four different geographic origins, exposed to elevated temperature and low pH to define its sensitivity to future ocean warming and acidification. Shrimp sampled within the northwest Atlantic were exposed for 30 days to combinations of three temperature (2, 6 or 10°C) and two pH levels (7.75 or 7.40). Survival, metabolic rates, whole-organism aerobic performance and cellular energetic capacity were assessed at the end of the exposure. Our results show that shrimp survival was negatively affected by temperature above 6°C and low pH, regardless of their origin. Additionally, shrimp from different origins show overall similar whole-organism performances: aerobic scope increasing with increasing temperature and decreasing with decreasing pH. Finally, the stability of aerobic metabolism appears to be related to cellular adjustments specific to shrimp origin. Our results show that the level of intraspecific variation differs among levels of biological organization: different cellular capacities lead to similar individual performances. Thus, the sensitivity of the northern shrimp to ocean warming and acidification is overall comparable among origins. Nonetheless, shrimp vulnerability to predicted global change scenarios for 2100 could differ among origins owing to different regional environmental conditions. -- Keywords : Ocean warming ; Ocean acidification ; Comparative physiology ; Aerobic performance ; Pandalus borealis ; Conservation.

Type de document : Article
Validation par les pairs : Oui
Version du document déposé : Version officielle de l'éditeur
Départements et unités départementales : Département de biologie, chimie et géographie
Déposé par : DIUQAR UQAR
Date de dépôt : 14 nov. 2023 15:25
Dernière modification : 14 nov. 2023 15:25

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