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Growth regulation in brook charr Salvelinus fontinalis


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Martinez-Silva, Maria Angelica, Dupont-Prinet, Aurélie, Houle, Carolyne, Vagner, Marie, Garant, Dany, Bernatchez, Louis et Audet, Céline ORCID logoORCID: (2023). Growth regulation in brook charr Salvelinus fontinalis. General and Comparative Endocrinology, 331 (114160).

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Fish growth can be modulated through genetic selection. However, it is not known whether growth regulatory mechanisms modulated by genetic selection can provide information about phenotypic growth variations among families or populations. Following a five-generation breeding program that selected for the absence of early sexual maturity and increased growth in brook charr we aimed to understand how the genetic selection process modifies the growth regulatory pathway of brook charr at the molecular level. To achieve this, we studied the regulation of growth traits at three different levels: 1) between lines—one under selection, the other not, 2) among-families expressing differences in average growth phenotypes, which we termed family performance, and 3) among individuals within families that expressed extreme growth phenotypes, which we termed slow- and fast-growing. At age 1+, individuals from four of the highest performing and four of the lowest performing families in terms of growth were sampled in both the control and selected lines. The gene expression levels of three reference and ten target genes were analyzed by real-time PCR. Results showed that better growth performance (in terms of weight and length at age) in the selected line was associated with an upregulation in the expression of genes involved in the growth hormone (GH)/insulin growth factor-1 (IGF-1) axis, including the igf-1 receptor in pituitary; the gh-1 receptor and igf-1 in liver; and ghr and igf-1r in white muscle. When looking at gene expression within families, family performance and individual phenotypes were associated with upregulations of the leptin receptor and neuropeptid Y—genes related to appetite regulation—in the slower-growing phenotypes. However, other genes related to appetite (ghrelin, somatostatin) or involved in muscle growth (myosin heavy chain, myogenin) were not differentially expressed. This study highlights how transcriptomics may improve our understanding of the roles of different key endocrine steps that regulate physiological performance. Large variations in growth still exist in the selected line, indicating that the full genetic selection potential has not been reached. -- Keywords : Selection ; Phenotype ; Growth ; Transcriptomics ; gh/igf-1 axis ; Appetite regulation.

Type de document : Article
Validation par les pairs : Oui
Information complémentaire : CC BY-NC-ND
Version du document déposé : Post-print (version corrigée et acceptée)
Départements et unités départementales : Institut des sciences de la mer de Rimouski (ISMER)
Déposé par : DIUQAR UQAR
Date de dépôt : 21 juin 2023 20:12
Dernière modification : 05 oct. 2023 15:35

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