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Effects of Rearing Environment and Strain Combination on Heterosis in Brook Trout


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Crespel, Amélie et Audet, Céline et Bernatchez, Louis et Garant, Dany (2012). Effects of Rearing Environment and Strain Combination on Heterosis in Brook Trout. North American Journal of Aquaculture, 74 (2). p. 188-198.

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Three strains of brook trout Salvelinus fontinalis (domestic [D], Laval [L], and Rupert [R]) and their reciprocal hybrids were reared from 7 to 21 months of age in three different environments (indoor, constant temperature conditions; indoor, seasonal temperature variations; and outdoor, seasonal temperature variations) to test for the occurrence of heterosis in important life history traits of interest for production (body mass, length, condition factor, the absence of early sexual maturation, and survival). For each cross, body mass, length, and mortality were measured at regular intervals and sexual maturity was assessed in age‐1+ fish (21 months of age). We found evidence for heterosis in mass and length that varied according to strain, cross direction in reciprocal hybrids, developmental stage, or environment; no significant outbreeding depression was detected for these traits. Heterosis expression for weight varied from 4.9% to 23.8% depending on the hybrids and environments. We found that one out of five reciprocal hybrids tested (L[female]R[male]) expressed heterosis at each age stage throughout the experiment in the three environments while the other four had mixed results. No evidence for heterosis was observed for sexual maturity and survival. These results not only provide one of the first clear pieces of evidence for the occurrence of heterosis in salmonids but also illustrate the complex nature and the unpredictability of this phenomenon.

Type de document : Article
Validation par les pairs : Oui
Mots-clés : Omble Fontaine Truite Ruisseau Salvelinus Fontinalis Souche Lignee Effet Influence Milieu Environnement Heterosis
Version du document déposé : Post-print (version corrigée et acceptée)
Départements et unités départementales : Institut des sciences de la mer de Rimouski (ISMER)
Déposé par : DIUQAR UQAR
Date de dépôt : 18 févr. 2019 20:45
Dernière modification : 28 janv. 2021 14:36

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