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Prey exoskeletons influence the course of gastric evacuation in Atlantic cod Gadus morhua

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Couturier, Christine S. et Andersen, Niels G. et Audet, Céline et Chabot, Denis (2013). Prey exoskeletons influence the course of gastric evacuation in Atlantic cod Gadus morhua. Journal of Fish Biology, 82 (3). p. 789-805.

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Résumé

This study examined the effects of prey exoskeleton characteristics on gastric evacuation patterns in Atlantic cod Gadus morhua. Three distinct stages were highlighted in the gastric evacuation of crustacean prey characterized by a robust exoskeleton. The experiments confirmed that the three shrimp species, Pandalus borealis, Pandalus montagui and Eualus macilentus, and the crab Chionoecetes opilio, were evacuated from the stomach at different rates. The duration of all stages increased with increasing ash (and carbonate) content of the fresh prey. Thickness, chemical composition and morphology of the prey exoskeleton all affected gastric evacuation: duration of initial delay, overall evacuation rate and a decreased evacuation rate at the end of the process. The power exponential function (PEF), with its shape parameter, described the course of evacuation for these prey types well, especially the initial delay. The PEF does not, however, allow describing evacuation by the current stomach content mass independent of meal size, which limits its usefulness in estimating consumption rates of wild G. morhua. To predict and describe gastric evacuation of prey with a robust exoskeleton, it is therefore suggested that the square‐root function be expanded with an initial lag phase, coupled to the mechanistically based cylinder model of gastric evacuation. -- Keywords : carbonate and ash contents ; crustacean prey ; energy content ; integument thickness and morphology.

Type de document : Article
Validation par les pairs : Oui
Information complémentaire : Ceci est la version révisée par les pairs de l'article suivant : Couturier, C.S., Andersen, N.G., Audet, C. and Chabot, D. (2013), Prey exoskeletons influence the course of gastric evacuation in Atlantic cod Gadus morhua. Journal of Fish Biology, 82: 789-805., dont la version finale est disponible ici: https://doi.org/10.1111/jfb.12005 Cet article peut être utilisé sans visée commerciale, en accord avec les termes et conditions d'utilisation des articles auto-archivés de Wiley. This is the peer reviewed version of the following article : Couturier, C.S., Andersen, N.G., Audet, C. and Chabot, D. (2013), Prey exoskeletons influence the course of gastric evacuation in Atlantic cod Gadus morhua. Journal of Fish Biology, 82: 789-805. which has been published in final form at: https://doi.org/10.1111/jfb.12005 This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Use of Self-Archived Versions.
Version du document déposé : Post-print (version corrigée et acceptée)
Départements et unités départementales : Institut des sciences de la mer de Rimouski (ISMER)
Déposé par : DIUQAR UQAR
Date de dépôt : 08 janv. 2021 19:35
Dernière modification : 03 févr. 2021 20:29
URI : http://semaphore.uqar.ca/id/eprint/1741

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